What is Metformin?Elizabeth Nelson
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, or know someone who does, there’s a good chance you’ve at least heard of Metformin. But do you know what Metformin is or how it works?
Hopefully we can answer some of your biggest questions about Metformin, so you can have a better idea of whether this drug would be right for you or a loved one or learn more about it if you’re taking it already.
What is it?
Metformin is a widely prescribed drug to treat type 2 diabetes, and it’s often the first drug prescribed, although it isn’t generally the only element of a patient’s diabetes management plan.
How does it work?
Type 2 diabetes makes it harder for individuals to break down sugar and starches into glucose. Typically, the body utilizes glucose to convert into energy. However, most people with type 2 diabetes are insulin resistant. This means that initially, your body produces an excess of insulin to make up for the body’s improper use of the hormone. However, over time, the overproduction puts strain on the pancreas, and it can’t produce enough to effectively utilize glucose, making it difficult to maintain control of blood sugar levels.
Metformin increases insulin sensitivity and helps lower blood glucose levels in the liver by causing the body to produce and release less glucose.